The Life of Carl Jung, the Founder of Analytical Psychology
Carl Gustav Jung (July 26, 1875 to June 6, 1961) was an influential psychologist who founded the field of analytical psychology. Jung is well-known for his theories about the human unconscious, including the view that there is a collective unconscious that everyone has. He also developed a psychotherapy called analytical therapy to help people better understand their subconscious mind. In addition, Jung is known for his theories on how personality types (such as introverted and extroverted) shape our behavior. ...
Early life and education
Jung was born in Caseville, Switzerland in 1875. Jung is the son of a pastor, and even from a very young age, he has shown interest in trying to understand his inner life. He studied medicine at the University of Bern, graduating in 1900; then he studied psychiatry at the University of Zurich. In 1903, he married Emma Rauschbach. They were married until Emma's death in 1955.
At the University of Zurich, Jung conducted research with Eugen Bleuler, a psychiatrist known for schizophrenia. Jung wrote a doctoral dissertation on mysterious phenomena, focusing on a man who claimed to be a mediator. As part of the thesis research, he participated in the seminar she organized. From 1905 to 1913, Jung was a faculty member at the University of Zurich. In 1911, Jung also co-founded the International Society of Psychoanalysis.
At the beginning of the 20th century, Sigmund Freud became Jung's friend and mentor. Both Jung and Freud are interested in trying to understand the unconscious forces that influence people's behavior. However, Freud and Jung disagree on several aspects of psychological theory. Freud believed that the subconscious is composed of people's repressed desires, especially sexual desire. Jung believed that besides sex, there are other important human behavior motives. In addition, Jung disagreed with Freud's view of the Oedipus complex.
Jung continued to develop his own theory, called Jungian psychology or analytical psychology. In 1912, Jung published an influential psychology book "Unconscious Psychology", which was very different from Freud's views. By 1913, Freud and Jung had experienced a quarrel.
The development of Jungian psychology
In Jung's theory, consciousness has three levels: conscious awareness, individual unconsciousness and collective unconsciousness. Consciousness refers to all events and memories that we are aware of. Personal unconsciousness refers to events and experiences that we ourselves were not fully aware of in the past.
Collective unconsciousness refers to symbols and cultural knowledge. We may not have experienced it personally, but it still affects us. The collective unconscious is composed of archetypes, which Jung defined as "ancient or ancient images derived from the collective unconscious". In other words, archetypes are important concepts, symbols and images in human culture. Jung is based on men, women and mothers. Although we usually don't know the collective unconscious, Jung believes that we can be aware of it, especially by trying to remember our dreams, which often contain elements of the collective unconscious.
Jung sees these archetypes as the human commonality we are born with. However, the idea that we can inherit archetypes has been criticized, and some critics have pointed out that it may not be possible to scientifically test whether these archetypes are really innate.
In 1921, Jung's book "Psychological Types" was published. This book introduces several different personality types, including introverted and extroverted. Extroverts tend to be extroverts, have a huge social network, like other people's attention, and like to be part of a larger group. Introverts also have close friends that they care about deeply, but they often need more time alone and may be slower to show their true self in front of strangers.
In addition to introverted and outwardly outward, Jung also introduced several other personality types, including feeling and intuition as well as thinking and feeling. Each personality type corresponds to a different way people treat the world around them. However, it is important that Jung also believes that people can behave in a manner consistent with their own dominant personality type. For example, Jung believes that introverts can participate in social activities that they usually skip. Importantly, Jung believes this is a way for people to grow and achieve personalization.
What is Jungian therapy?
In Jungian therapy (also called analytical therapy), the therapist works with the patient to try to understand unconscious thinking and its impact on the patient. Ringier Therapy tries to solve the root cause of the client's problems, not just the symptoms or behaviors that bother the client. Jung therapists may ask their clients to record their dreams or complete a word association test to better understand the client's subconscious mind.
In this therapy, the goal is to better understand the unconsciousness and how it affects our behavior. Jungian psychologists admit that the process of understanding the unconscious may not always be pleasant, but Jung believes that it is necessary to understand the process of the unconscious.
The goal of Jungian Therapy is to achieve what Jungian calls personalization. Personalization refers to the process of integrating all the good and bad experiences of the past in order to live a healthy and stable life. Personalization is a long-term goal, and Jungian Therapy is not about helping clients find "quick solutions" to their problems. Instead, Jung therapists focus on solving the root cause of the problem, helping clients understand who they are, and helping people live more meaningful lives.
Jung's Supplementary Works
In 1913, Jung began to write a book about his personal experience trying to understand his subconscious. In the past few years, he has recorded his visions and attached pictures. The end result is a diary-like text with a mythological perspective, which was not published during Jung's lifetime. In 2009, Professor Sonu Shamdasani obtained permission from the Jung family to publish the text as a red book. Together with his colleague Aniela Jaffé, Jung also wrote about his life in Memories, Dreams, and Reflections. He started writing in 1957 and published it in 1961.
The legacy of Jung's work
After Jung's death in 1961, he was still an influential figure in psychology. Although Jungian therapy or analytical therapy is no longer a widely used form of treatment, this technology is still provided by loyal practitioners and therapists. In addition, Jung is still influential because of his emphasis on trying to understand the unconscious.
Even psychologists who don't think they are Jung may be influenced by his thoughts. Over the years, Jung's work on personality types has been particularly influential. The Myers-Briggs Type Index is based on the personality types outlined by Jung. Other widely used personality measures also include the concepts of introversion and extroversion, although they tend to treat introversion and extroversion as a series of ends, rather than two different personality types.
Carl Jung's thoughts have influences outside the psychology and academic circles. If you have ever kept a dream diary, tried to realize your subconscious, or called yourself an introvert or an extrovert, then you are likely to be influenced by Jung.
Biography quick facts
Full name: Carl Gustav Jung
Known as a psychologist and founder of analytical psychology
Date of Birth: July 26, 1875, Caseville, Switzerland
Date of death: June 6, 1961, Kusnacht, Switzerland
Education: University of Berne Medicine; University of Zurich Psychiatry
Published works: "Unconscious Psychology", "Psychological Types", "Modern People Looking for Souls", "Undiscovered Self"
Key achievements: Proposed many key psychological theories, including introversion and extroversion, collective unconsciousness, archetypes and the meaning of dreams.
Spouse's name: Emma Rauschenbach (1903-1955)
The names of the children: Agat, Great, Franz, Marian and Helen
Famous quote: "The meeting of two people is like the contact of two chemicals: if there is any reaction, both will be transformed."